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Understanding Trend Continuation Patterns in Forex Trading

Updated: May 11

In the realm of forex trading, trend continuation patterns play a vital role in signaling that an existing trend is likely to persist after a brief pause. These patterns offer traders strategic points for entering or adding to favorable positions in alignment with the prevailing trend. This comprehensive guide will explore key trend continuation patterns, explain how to identify and interpret them and discuss practical trading strategies that capitalize on these patterns.

Showing breakout patterns on Candlestick chart

What are Trend Continuation Patterns?

Trend continuation patterns occur during a pause in the prevailing trend and suggest that once the pattern completes, the prior trend is likely to resume. Recognizing these patterns early can provide a competitive edge to traders by confirming that the ongoing trend remains intact.

Common Trend Continuation Patterns

  1. Flags and Pennants

  2. Rectangles (Trading Ranges)

  3. Triangles (Symmetrical, Ascending, and Descending)

1. Flags and Pennants

Description and Characteristics

  • Flags: These are formed through a small rectangular shape that slopes against the prevailing trend direction, followed by a sharp and almost straight price movement that forms the flagpole.

  • Pennants: Similar to flags, but instead of a rectangle, the consolidation takes the form of a small symmetrical triangle that begins wide and converges.

2. Rectangles (Trading Ranges)

Description and Characteristics

  • Rectangles: These patterns form when the price bounces between two parallel horizontal levels (support and resistance), indicating consolidation before the trend continues.

3. Triangles (Symmetrical, Ascending, and Descending)

Description and Characteristics

  • Symmetrical Triangles: Created by two converging trendlines with a similar slope, this pattern indicates a balance between buyers and sellers.

  • Ascending Triangles: Characterized by a flat upper trendline (resistance) and an ascending lower trendline (support), suggesting bullish bias.

  • Descending Triangles: Features a flat lower trendline (support) and a descending upper trendline (resistance), indicating a bearish sentiment.

What Do All These Price Patterns Have In Common?

When we look to the left on the chart, we notice that the market is always trying to push through an important price level or as some traders call it, "big round number". These strong support and resistance areas or levels tend to happen on for example: x.xx00, x.xx20, x.xx50, x.xx80, etc...

Examples of breakout patterns in trading
The more rejections an area has, more important it becomes.

Learn more about how to profit from a market already on the move by clicking here.


Trend continuation patterns are powerful tools in forex trading, providing opportunities to capitalize on the continuation of an existing trend. By understanding and correctly interpreting these patterns, traders can significantly improve their trading strategies, enhancing both their risk management and profit potential.


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